Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan is the cleaner India mission Launched by the Modi Government. The aim of this mission is to make every city and town in India clean and tidy. For many years now, the pollution rate in India is rising very steeply, and there was a need for a mission like this. Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan urges everyone, regardless of their social status in the society, to make an effort for helping in making India cleaner. It was launched on 2nd October 2014 in New Delhi, because it is the day Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday is celebrated, and it was one of his dreams to see India becoming one of the cleanest nations in the world. And the launching of the mission was done by none other than our honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
A mission like this was required as the rate of people falling sick was rising every year due to sanitary problems. There was a lack of initiative from the people of India towards making India clean. The reason was zero awareness and ignorance of Indian citizens about their surroundings. With the launch of Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, the first goal of the mission was to make people aware of their surroundings and the problems that the waste materials were making. And it was done very effectively by making different celebrities the brand ambassadors of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, which was a clever move by the government as when the heartthrobs of India come together and ask people to do something; people will do it. And it created a drive in the minds of Indian citizens to clean India.
The need for this mission (Long & Short Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan Essay)
There is not just one reason, but a lot of reasons to consider why this mission is the need of the hour. There are children and women who don’t have access to toilets in their homes, and because of that, they have to go out in the open. And this made India look like an ugly country in sorts. Mentioned below are the reasons why India needs Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan:
• First of all, it is required to increase the awareness of the importance of cleanliness in every part of India.
• It will help in making India a greener and cleaner country.
• There is a strong need of making people use toilets in rural areas and defecation of the environment for removing all the germs so that people stop falling sick due to it.
• If people start falling sick less, then they can contribute more to society and the Indian economy which will result in better GDP of the country.
• Also so that the existing insanitary toilets can be converted into the sanitary and flushing toilets.
• It is important that there is a proper waste disposal and management system so that there can be a recycle of the waste materials can be recycled.
• From a mission like this, the quality and standards of rural India will increase rapidly which is important as there is a huge difference in the standards of rural and urban India which is unfair to the people living in rural parts of India.
• Also, so that the wish of Mahatma Gandhi could be honored of seeing India as a clean and green country.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan in Urban areas
There are humongous costs involved, of course, Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan in Urban areas has been planned for over 1.04 Crore households in a span of a mere five years. It includes installing better systems for management of the huge amounts of waste that is disposed of every day.
There have been provisions made for Indian railways by the setup of bio-toilets in a number of trains. And automatic cleaning of the blankets and the sheets have started so that better cleaning is possible.
The prime objectives that have been set by the government in the urban areas are complete removal of open defecation and building good and sanitary public toilets which can flush, removing manual scavenging, and bring a change in the behavior of the citizens of India about the cleanliness in the surroundings. There have been dustbins of two sets, both for dry and wet waste provided to each and every household for better waste management.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan in Rural areas
It is also known as Gramin Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. The mission is to make rural areas free of defecation. The plan is to convert all the waste collected into bio-fertilizers and other useful forms. This will help in improving the quality of life for the people living in the rural areas of India. This will bring down the rate of people falling sick in the rural areas and not being able to work and earn money for their families. Public toilets are being installed so that people who don’t have access to toilets in their homes don’t have to go anywhere else now.
Swachh Bharat tax
It’s not a separate entire tax rate, but it is included in the service tax as the 0.5 percent. So that people also contribute to this mission of a clean and better India.
Overall, it can be said that the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan is a really good and strong initiative by the government. It meets the need of the hour. The overall GDP also gets affected due to this as now people who were getting sick due to unsanitary conditions earlier are now fit and healthy and ready to work more and more; impacting the economy of India positively. It increases the awareness of the importance of cleanliness amongst the group of people who were ignorant of it earlier. Therefore, it should not be the responsibility of only ministries and the government but also of every citizen living in India and utilizing its resources. And Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan has successfully managed to do just that. It has already shown a lot of positive results and should not just be ended in a period of five years, but should be carried on for more and more years.